The Williston Basin and
the Bakken Shale is
the ancient sediment of a prehistoric ocean which can be identified as the floor
of the Williston Basin a formation that covers the sections listed in blue
above. , the United States in three northern states, Montana, North Dakota, and
South Dakota. In Canada the formation can be seen in Manitoba and
Saskatchewan. The Bakken Shale is the ancient remains of an ancient ocean
which can be identified through its basin known as the Williston Basin.
Today, the Bakken shale has become a tremendous national resource basin because
of the science, drilling, and frac technologies discovered in Texas producing
the Bakken Shale where the science of extracting energy resources such as
natural gas and oil from shale was pioneered.
The Williston Basin
Williston Basin has the Bakken Shale formation just like the Fort Worth
Basin in Texas has the
Barnett Shale. It is the sediment left over from ancient
Contact C W
Sanders & Associates, Inc. for more information about land,
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In Texas, the
Bakken Shale is a natural gas source bed rock that stretches over 16 to 21 North
Texas counties and is still actively being discovered. Its 6,000 +
square-mile reservoir is already the second largest producing on-shore domestic
natural gas field in the United States after the San Juan Basin in New Mexico
and Colorado. At three different times spread out by 100 million years, Texas
was actually a shallow ocean that stretched up the central plains and even
carried up into and through Canada. The first 100 feet of ocean is
considered the Photo Eukaric Zone since light can penetrate the first 100 feet.
With light and heat being a factor in this shallow body of water we can assume
these oceans had a huge phytoplankton and zooplankton population and with that,
massive coral reef beds were created by filtering the massive plankton
population. This was the environment in most of Texas some 300 to 600
million years ago as the ocean came in and out at least three different times in
the Fort Worth Basin. The Bakken Shale gas field was discovered by
wildcatters in the early 1950's who were pioneering the Wlliston Basin.
World famous wildcatter C.W. Sanders started drilling in the area in 1945.
The technology to
produce from The Bakken Shale did not evolve until 1980. This is the first
area in the entire world where we are pioneering the art of producing natural
gas from a source bed rock and it is alive and anaerobic.
Chris C. Sanders has revolutionized the art of turning CO2 into Oxygen and
Natural Gas while simultaneously reducing CO2 in the atmosphere the result is
the first "circle of life" between our ecosystem and the petroleum anaerobic
bacterial world. The vast majority of the industry is unconcerned with the
oxygen output, CO2 reduction, or the circle of life, instead an industry wide
success rate of 97% and 5% of the nations natural gas supply make this field the
most active onshore drilling play in the United States.
In fact, in every
other area of the world, every drop of oil and natural gas has already escaped
from the source and has been actively working its way on up to the surface only
to be trapped by structure and horizons of geological time zones. In these
upper production zones, a degree of permeability and porosity must exist so that
we can produce from the formation. The Bakken Shale has almost no porosity
and no permeability which was the reason why until now source bed rocks have not
been produced from. Therefore it is safe to say that these explorers will
spread their knowledge of source bed rock stimulation and production throughout
the world. So what is going on here in Texas and Montana is extremely different
because every operator and producer here is a pioneer in the most advanced
cutting edge and active play in the world.
Shale consists of very fine grained particles of quartz and clay minerals.
It is consolidated mud that has been deposited in lakes, seas, inland oceans,
and other similar environments. About, forty five (45%) percent of
all exposed sedimentary rocks are shales.
Organic Sedimentary Rocks are formed from organic debris. It is the
deposit of once-living organisms all collected and sealed into a medley of what
once was. (shells, corals, calcareous algae, wood, plants, bones etc.)
Although they are a form of clastic rock, organic rocks tend to contain a larger
amount of immaculately preserved fossils, which laid down near the place where
the animal, coral, plant, or plankton once lived.
As the rocky mountains
formed, several separate ocean beds were created in the state of Texas and are
identified as The Delaware Basin, The Permian Basin and The Fort Worth Basin.
The Barnett Shale is in the Fort Worth Basin and because of its maturity and age
we are able to fracture and produce from this blanket formation. The Permian
basin sets an example from its exploration history and research being from coral
reef beds itself. The word "frac" is used as a term out on the oil patch
that describes our ability to fracture and stimulate zones horizontally by
creating new channels and areas while increasing the porosity and permeability
of an area out side of the production pipe we have just perforated.
Perforating is shooting through the production casing and into our zone.
In this case the "Bakken Shale Zone" is the organic settlement of life itself
proving the theories of oceans, ice ages, volcanoes, and meteorite impacts.
However, this field is completely different in many aspects. This ancient
shallow ocean in which the Barnett Shale is believed to be divided in two zones;
the upper and lower Barnett Shale. By producing and reviewing logs in the
primary core of the Bakken shale I have noticed three zones; this proves three
flooding events. Under the primary core and three layers you will find a
thick layer of obsidian (obsidian is a blackish translucent glass). This
is probably the result of a meteorite impact in conjunction with several
triggered volcanic eruptions, which then caused the ice ages and eventually the
oceans. The first two ocean occurrences were closer together in time and
defined as the "lower zone"; the third one spanned at least 100 million years
later which is now called the "upper zone".
Time zones are geologically missing from
this shale area, which perplexes others as to what happened to this time frame
in the Barnett Shale. My only assumption is that the oceans continually
existed in this time and either eroded or absorbed the span of these missing
formations. We have three faults and three times that the ocean came in
and out of the Fort Worth Basin spread out over 300-700 million years we also
have three vertical faults in the shale. Unlike most formations these
Bakken Shale faults are areas to avoid because they are incapable of producing
any gas or form of production such as the Muenster Arch Basin fault zone.
Add plate tectonic action and 200 million more years for maturity and we have
our current situation today. At the core area of the Bakken Shale we find the
third zone in this shale which is the existence of the first ocean sediment
itself. Also in this lower level there is more maturity and higher levels of gas
and condensate with a higher (BTU) British Thermal Unit rating.
Obsidian is found underneath this third
layer proving some meteorite and volcanic activity before the creation of these
oceans. The northern and older part of the Bakken Shale between Denton and
Decatur produces a higher 1278-BTU rating as we follow the Shale south to Fort
Worth the BTU drops to 966-BTU. I have noticed that some operators are
only successful in certain areas and most of this has to do with their frac
techniques in conjunction with either the low BTU or High BTU areas. CO2
stimulation is what I would scientifically recommend to induce breathing in an
anaerobic organic environment. Major oil companies have decided to concentrate
in different areas of this shale and even other new shale discoveries because of
their different fracturing techniques, beliefs, discoveries, and abilities. By
inducing the anaerobic environment with CO2 we stimulate oxygen and natural gas.
We can then separate the natural gas into Hydrogen and CO2 we then use the
Hydrogen and return the "CO2" to the "anaerobic bacteria environment" to produce
more "Oxygen" and more "Natural Gas"; the result is the first major "circle of
life" between our ecosystem and sustainable natural gas production in the
Barnett and Bakken Shale.
The reason for failure in
the Barnett Shale Play in Texas is simple. Spacing and depth are the essentials
in producing from this zone. A fine layer of obsidian covers the Ellenberger
Zone which must be watched and avoided. 60 acre spacing seems to be a common
norm for safety in vertical wells. If a well hits the Ellenberger it will
produce water and we consider the well "Killed". Horizontal wells require at
least 4 times the normal spacing. Problems: If one of the fractures goes into
the Ellenberger Zone which is below the Barnett Shale then all of the gas will
follow the path of least resistance and flow into the Ellenberger zone which is
mainly water here in this area. Certain new companies have learned how to find
this gas now trapped in the Ellenberger and are working on a purification
process which extracts all of the gases and precious metals from the water. Some
of the water will be used to maintain the water level of Lake Bridgeport.
What is creating all of this gas and why
is it considered a source bed rock? The Shale is basically compacted
organic composition and living at a high temperature. Inside this
compacted shale we find that it has life and that there is anaerobic bacteria
feeding on a decomposed coral reef shale producing gas. The bacteria I
believe lives in an anaerobic environment and can be stimulated with CO2, the
bacteria in turn is stimulated and literally excretes methane. However the
rock is so dense that a lot of the gas stays trapped uniformly perfect and even
in the rock. What happens with this other gas that leaves through the
surface of the shale? It rises and is trapped in other structures and
feeds other zones such as the conglomerate. Most of these zones were
discovered before we discovered the shale because we did not go deeper.
The Barnet Shale is about at 8900 to 8400 feet deep along highway 380 in between
Denton and Decatur Texas. We know that the ocean / Ellenberger is at
around 8000' - 10,000' here. The inorganic theory suggests that petroleum can
come from an inorganic- or nonliving source; this theory has failed to produce a
single drop of oil or natural gas. The Bakken Shale is 100% percent
organic and produced from an organic source ( an old dead ocean) it is like
having a huge anaerobic digester trapped miles deep and if maintained correctly
could last indefinitely. I use the earth itself as an anaerobic digester
much like the one below - but instead of building a container at the surface - I
use the shale very much in the same fashion except 7,000 - 10,0000 deep.
Truthfully, many cities could take advantage of this same principle using large
Carsts or Caverns in connection with the cities sewage systems - the results
would immediately produce usable gas just like we are doing in the shale.
Look at the anaerobic digester below using cotton hulls it can power over 300
homes in Texas -talk about a use for waste!
United States Geological Survey estimates that the entire Bakken Shale field
contains 27 trillion cubic feet of gas. Estimates of the size of Bakken
Shale’s reserves are rapidly increasing; the field is starting to make a big
impact on the nation’s gas business at a time of declining domestic production
and projections of rising demand. Gas executives predict that the current
production of 1.5 billion cubic feet a day — 2.5 percent of the national output
— has the potential to climb to 3 billion to 4 billion cubic feet a day in a few
years. New discoveries in the "outer fringes" of the shale define as what
Mr. Jim Leatherwood calls "the Paleo landscape" this term correctly defines the
reason for success and failure due to the result of the ancient ocean's floor
and channel contour. The "Paleo landscape" is now the wildcatters frontier in
the Bakken shale.
Questions and concerns? Extremely
high gas pressures leak into shallow to deep fresh ground water fields.
The problem. The annulus in between the production casing and the earth /
dirt or ground itself creates a passageway for gas to escape into different
horizons. Gas can work its way up a small channel that can develop in
between the production casing and the dirt we call this channel the annulus this
channel can grow because of extreme lower gas zone pressures and poison large
shallow fresh water reserves. Is there a solution? Yes! In
Artesia New Mexico they noticed a great natural resource early on with their
artesian fresh water springs - they did not want to contaminate their naturally
carbonated water. So, they cement around the pipe the whole way down
destroying the annulus. Yes its more expensive, but water is really more
of a precious resource than gas.
Unlike other source beds we have learned
to avoid the fault lines that exist because they do not produce gas and are
accurately mapped by geo map on active production in the area.
Frank Dux the legendary world champion
martial arts Bloodsport & Kumite master is using money from the Bakken Shale to
save the rainforests and children throughout the world. The three men run
Dux Inc. and are Asian Ambassadors for the Clean World Wide Water Plan.
The plan combines solar panels and wind generators which feed water
dehumidifiers for constant clean water and constant hydrogen energy. These three
men not only hold the key to world wide freedom but they educate everyone about
the answer to save everyone by providing clean water to every child, animal,
crop, and city throughout the world, by using the sun, the wind, and commercial
dehumidifiers together as the sustainable solution. The water extracted in
the atmosphere is the cleanest water ever tested according to the Environmental
Protection Agency (EPA). The cost of water extraction is free because of
sustainable integration (solar & wind) the results are the keys to world wide
freedom and peace. The technology is the exact reverse of what is done in
the Bakken shale to stimulate anaerobic life.
The most interesting thing about this
Bakken Shale is how solid it is. Typically when we measure for
permeability or porosity we calculate in darceys as a form of measurement.
However, in the Bakken Shale we calculate our porosity and permeability in
angstroms or shall I say, atomic measure. This means that the shale is so
tight that gas has a hard time escaping it. Drilling through the shale is
like drilling through a Brunswick pool table or bowling ball. Yet we find
several interesting factors in the shale itself such as micro fractures that
travel from the north east to the southwest. We use these micro fractures
when we horizontally drill to utilize the structure in combination with the
multi stage frac job. Halliburton has several multi frac techniques that
will literally amaze you. Using micro radio transmission devices and
special fluids the company is literally able to follow each fracture in amazing
detail. You get what you pay for and horizontal frac jobs can go easily between
4$ and 12$ million. Devon itself claims that the work itself is very
costly and still an educational process. James Hall of Devon is leading
the industry in horizontal production discoveries and results.
Many smaller operators are experiencing
the same dramatic results using standard old vertical techniques and open hole
completions. Open hole completions? Yes, you heard me right. The
shale is so very solid that it is more stable than what we could put down there
and it allows us to cover more area. The trick in developing this field is
spacing. 60 acre's seems to be a safe space for wells in the Bakken Shale.
Many of the majors have killed off some of their nearby wells by drilling to
close or having a huge horizontal with a bad frac job lose the area. The
trick in this field is not finding the zone - its not getting greedy. If
you pass the Bakken Shale you have entered the ocean you hit the ocean you
ruined your project. Engineers, be ready to spot obsidian which covers the
Ellenberger Zone- the zone you must avoid. If a nearby well hits the ocean
and has fractured into your zone that well has just ruined your production
region. That gas will shoot out into the ocean instead of up your hole.
George Mitchell pioneered the lower
Bakken Shale and Devon has seen its capital gain merely by perforating the upper
zones in their existing wells. However, I believe a majority of their
wells were slim hole completed- making a rework not an option.
Nevertheless, this company holds about 75% of the Bakken Shale and its Oil and
Gas Leases by production. The story of this Bakken Shale and its
production evolution actually began with the early Texas wildcatters that
discovered the area and defined the conglomerate.
The most successful wildcatter in Texas
history is my father, C.W. Sanders
with a wildcat success rate of 87.5% in the days before advanced 3D
seismic technology. He used two very conventional methods for drilling
success; one he coined "lineology", whereas you would draw a straight line
between two good wells and create a location. The other involved taking
off into the air which was common for us back in the seventies and eighties and
then spotting a location from a birds eye perspective which then led to us
chasing the cattle off of some dirt road in the middle of nowhere before
making a location. He is an amazing pilot and would fly high in the sky to
get a birds eye view which allowed him to examine the remains of the prehistoric
oceans that once covered the lands and since all natural gas and oil comes from
the remains of these dead prehistoric oceans this gave us a perfect view because
from up above you can see the fault lines, and where the ocean edges existed at
different times. He discovered the outer most fringes of these ocean channels
later defined as the conglomerate zone which he revealed were fed by an organic
source- today it is called the Bakken Shale.
This picture was taken
in 1979, in the back stands Texas legendary golden wildcatter C.W. Sanders as he
discovered evidence of this Bakken Shale in his logs. The kid in the
picture is me 27 years ago and even at this age I had witnessed my father drill
countless successful wildcat wells even in areas now considered to be the core
of the Bakken Shale. Even then my father was questioning ways to produce
from this zone - however because of production technology at the time and
returns we stimulated zones which were higher in porosity and permeability -
something that the Bakken Shale does not have. So we produced the gas that had
already escaped the Bakken Shale - trapped under structure and ready to burst -
this "conglomerate zone" was an exciting early discovery that was ready to be
produced and defined. "Chris this Bakken Shale is the source bed rock for
natural gas" - my father has been saying this since 1974.
C.W. Sanders with his son Chris Sanders back in the
Chris Sanders with his son Eden Sanders in 2007
My son Eden Sanders will be learning the
ropes from me making us three generations in oil and gas production.
Currently - we are exploring four other shale discoveries in :
California, Colorado, Michigan, and Montana.
The Gas Company, Inc.
If you have a new lease or acreage
available and would like to have it reviewed for our projects or modified for
any reason such as surface sentimental reasons please e-mail:
Please include the county, acreage, abstract numbers, and previous leases if
If you have Minerals or are able to
execute an Oil & Gas lease in the Bakken Shale please contact me at email@example.com
as there are many oil and gas companies ready to drill in this highly active and
successful area. (Currently, I am working on expanding the Bakken Shale to the
north in Wise and Montague and to the west in Jack and Palo Pinto. - ( I
am interested in anything in Denton (west of 1-35), Archer, Clay, Cooke, Denton,
Jack, Johnson, Montague, Palo Pinto, Parker, Tarrant, Wichita, and Wise county
Texas.) In Arkansas we will pursue a 30,000 acre study of the shale where we
will duplicate some of our fracturing techniques on this new discovery that I
call "the circle of life" because we create oxygen from our friends the
anaerobic bacteria that breath in CO2 and breathe out O2 while producing NG -
the Bakken Shale is a living anaerobic digester.
The Paleo Landscape and the Birth of the
Bakken Shale began with the defining of the Fort Worth Basin and also the
Conglomerate Zone discovered by early Wildcatters such as Coke Gage, P.
Ellenberger, T.B. Pickens, George Mitchell, Norman Stovall, C.W. Sanders, Frank
Pitts, and William ZuHone. But George Mitchell discovered how to stimulate this
zone and with that and the established conglomerate zone above it a blanket
coverage was quickly defined to be the "Bakken Shale". It was soon later
known through science that this layer was in fact responsible for feeding the
above zones with natural gas and that this was in fact the source bed rock.
Devon with James Hall demonstrated a
technique for economically completing the upper Bakken Shale interval,
increasing reserves in their core area by 25 percent, or 250 million cubic feet
per well, and expanding the play to previously marginal areas. This new
completion technique in combination with a 60-acre spacing infill well drilling
program is expected to allow Devon Energy to increase its Bakken Shale gas
production and open up new areas for exploitation. (Devon perforated the upper
zone which George Mitchell did not stimulate)
Natural Gas (NG) is Hydrogen (H) the
only difference is removing the (CO2).
Air Products and Sanco have discussed two joint venture programs involving CO2
extraction technologies from both the well head and also from the environment
itself. "The CO2 belongs under the surface of the earth where it can be
anatomically changed - just as the plants do here on the surface - this
substrate does under the earth - because of my findings I have mandated
sustainable energy integration field wide on all of my locations and projects so
that we can do something for the environment. By using our natural gas
more effectively the same amount of natural gas it takes to heat a sky scrapper
can be converted into enough electricity to power an entire city! Look at
Hydrogen fuel Cell- Texas we need to build the Hydrogen pipeline!
The very first Hydrogen fueling station in New Mexico was put into place by
Robert Plarr and sponsored by
The Gas Company.
California Governor Arnold
Schwarzenegger and New Mexico Governor Bill Richardson are now a part of the
Hydrogen HWY and family - The group pushes for Texas because of its proven
natural gas resources and areas like the Bakken Shale which currently produce 5%
of the nations natural gas supply that can be converted to provide 100% of the
nations electrical and hydrogen needs from hydrogen fuel cell technology that
provide oxygen as emissions.
The Gas Company as mandated sustainable integration on all company projects.
These projects include:
We personally co invest in every project and offer 50% of a $26 million dollar
package per county.
A $6 - $20 plus million dollar Joint Venture Plans
that enables the JV to drill thousands of wells per county as the AMI - (area of
mutual interest) together. This plan usually includes 2 drilling rigs, 2
pulling units, 10 tank trucks, 4 semi flat beds, 2 cement trucks, acid trucks,
downhole logger, bulldozer, and backhoe. This plan also incorporates the
installation of major wind farm projects in areas where this is an option and
terms have been approved by the landowner and county. With the Oilfield Service
Companies half of the fleet is kept rented out and the other is heads up for our
Sustainable Angels has dedicated their revenues for environmental
remediation projects over the shale. - Through Mr. Clem Palmer and his friends
at the (TCEQ) Texas Commission on Environmental Quality - Mr. Sanders has
agreed to help remediate some of his projects which might include the
Buffalo Bayou a 73 mile stretch of river connecting Houston Texas with the Gulf
Of Mexico. Already millions of trees are underway and ready for a new
homes in Texas. The tree is called a
Kiri Tree and produces 10 times more oxygen than any other tree and reduces
10 times more CO2 than any other tree. It loves toxicity and cleans up
areas and provides a great return on lumber yields equivalent to mahogany and
teak. In Texas returns of $500 million dollars per square mile are
expected in five years - Thumbs up to the "Green Team"
Mr. Torres will be in charge of our
expansion efforts into Libya where we will also ascertain sustainable
integration efforts for the nations people so that we may also provide clean
water along with our normal oil and gas production routines. We will also be
working with ways to use 12 volt solar powered dehumidification machines to
provide clean water world wide on location, not only to our troops but to all
nations in need as a sign of peace.
The two lifelong friends are dedicated
to saving lives and together with the help of Frank Dux and The
Sustainable Angels the team will spread the word wide water plan to save
lives and provide all with clean water from the atmosphere. Just the
knowledge alone of sustainable integration in third world countries makes a
tremendous impact and saves lives providing all with the cleanest fresh water.
Throughout the United States we shall
never be affected by a drought ever again! The answer is here through